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Metro 24 prospekt

metro 24 prospekt

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Metro 24 Prospekt Video

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The first lines were built using the Moscow general plan designed by Lazar Kaganovich , along with his project managers notably Ivan M.

Kuznetsov and, later, Isaac Y. Segal in the ss, and the Metro was named after him until Metropoliten im. Partly because of this connection, the design of the Gants Hill tube station in London, which was completed much later, is reminiscent of a Moscow Metro station.

Soviet workers did the labor and the art work, but the main engineering designs, routes, and construction plans were handled by specialists recruited from the London Underground.

The Britons called for tunneling instead of the " cut-and-cover " technique, the use of escalators instead of lifts, the routes, and the design of the rolling stock.

The first line was opened to the public on 15 May at The day was celebrated as a technological and ideological victory for socialism and, by extension, Stalinism.

An estimated , people rode the Metro at its debut, and its design was greeted with pride; street celebrations included parades, plays and concerts.

The Bolshoi Theatre presented a choral performance by 2, Metro workers; 55, colored posters lauding the Metro as the busiest and fastest in the world and 25, copies of "Songs of the Joyous Metro Conquerors" were distributed.

The second stage was completed before the war. In March , the Arbatskaya branch was split and extended to the Kurskaya station now the dark-blue Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line.

Here the architecture was based on that of the most popular stations in existence Krasniye Vorota, Okhotnyi Ryad and Kropotkinskaya ; while following the popular art-deco style, it was merged with socialist themes.

The first deep-level column station Mayakovskaya was built at the same time. Building work on the third stage was delayed but not interrupted during World War II , and two Metro sections were put into service; Teatralnaya — Avtozavodskaya three stations, crossing the Moskva River through a deep tunnel and Kurskaya — Partizanskaya four stations were inaugurated in and respectively.

War motifs replaced socialist visions in the architectural design of these stations. During the Siege of Moscow in the fall and winter of , Metro stations were used as air-raid shelters; the Council of Ministers moved its offices to the Mayakovskaya platforms, where Stalin made public speeches on several occasions.

The Chistiye Prudy station was also walled off, and the headquarters of the Air Defence established there. After the war ended in , construction began on the fourth stage of the Metro, which included the Koltsevaya Line , a deep part of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line from Ploshchad Revolyutsii to Kievskaya and a surface extension to Pervomaiskaya during the early s.

The decoration and design characteristic of the Moscow Metro is considered to have reached its zenith in these stations. The first part of the line — from Park Kultury to Kurskaya — follows this avenue.

Plans were later changed and the northern part of the ring line runs 1—1. The next part of the Koltsevaya Line opened in Kurskaya— Belorusskaya , and in the ring line was completed.

The beginning of the Cold War led to the construction of a deep section of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya Line. The stations on this line were planned as shelters in the event of nuclear war.

After finishing the line in the upper tracks between Ploshchad Revolyutsii and Kiyevskaya were closed, and later reopened in as a part of the Filyovskaya Line.

In the further development of the Metro the term "stages" was not used any more, although sometimes the stations opened in — are referred to as the "fifth stage".

Other stations, too, were supplied with tight gates and life-sustenance systems to function as nuclear shelters.

During the late s the architectural extravagance of new Metro stations was toned down, and decorations at some stations such as VDNKh and Alexeyevskaya were simplified by comparison with the original plans.

This was done on the orders of Nikita Khrushchev , who favoured more spartan decoration. A typical layout which quickly became known as Sorokonozhka —"centipede", from early designs with 40 concrete columns in two rows was developed for all new stations and the stations were built to look almost identical, differing from each other only in colours of the marble and ceramic tiles.

Most stations were built with simpler, less-costly technology; this was not always appropriate, and resulted in utilitarian design.

For example, walls with cheap ceramic tiles were susceptible to train vibration and some tiles eventually fell off.

It was not always possible to replace the missing tiles with the ones of the same color, which eventually led to variegated parts of the walls.

Not until the mids was the architectural extravagance restored and original designs again popular. However, the newer design of "centipede" stations with 26 columns, more widely spaced continued to dominate.

His team experimented with different materials most often cast bronze, aluminum, sheet brass, steel, and milk glass and methods to optimize the technology.

The Kaluzhskaya Station was designed by the architect [Leonid] Poliakov. The shape of the lamps was a torch — the torch of victory, as Poliakov put it All were made of cast aluminum decorated in a black and gold anodized coating, a technique which the Metrostroi factory had only just mastered.

Their subject matter dealt with images of war and victory The overall effect was one of ceremony In the platform halls the blue ceramic bodies of the chandeliers played a more modest role, but still emphasised the overall expressiveness of the lamp.

The work of Abram Damsky further publicized these ideas hoping people would associate the party with svetloe budushchee. The plan was ambitious, seeking to reorient an agrarian society towards industrialism.

The first five-year plan was instrumental in the completion of the Moscow Metro; without industrialization, the Soviet Union would not have had the raw materials necessary for the project.

For example, steel was a main component of many subway stations. The Second Plan focused on urbanization and the development of social services.

The Communist Party had the power to mobilize; because the party was a single source of control, it could focus its resources and inspire its people.

The country also mobilized in order to complete the Moscow Metro with unprecedented speed. One of the main motivation factors of the mobilization was to overtake the West and prove that a socialist metro could surpass capitalist designs.

It was especially important to the Soviet Union that socialism succeed industrially, technologically, and artistically in the s, since capitalism was at a low ebb during the Great Depression.

The person in charge of Metro mobilization was Lazar Kaganovich. A prominent Party member, he assumed control of the project as chief overseer.

This was a comprehensive mobilization; the project drew resources and workers from the entire Soviet Union. A specialist workforce had been drawn from many different regions, including miners from the Ukrainian and Siberian coalfields and construction workers from the iron and steel mills of Magnitogorsk, the Dniepr hydroelectric power station, and the Turkestan-Siberian railway Skilled engineers were scarce, and unskilled workers were instrumental to the realization of the metro.

It printed 15, copies of Udarnik metrostroia Metrostroi Shock Worker , its daily newspaper and other newsletters some in different languages to attract unskilled laborers.

Kaganovich was closely involved in the recruitment campaign, targeting the Komsomol generation because of its strength and youth.

When the Metro opened in it immediately became the centrepiece of the transportation system. More than that it was a Stalinist device to awe and control the populace, and give them an appreciation of Soviet realist art.

It became the prototype for future Soviet large-scale technologies. Kaganovich was in charge; he designed the subway so that citizens would absorb the values and ethos of Stalinist civilization as they rode.

The artwork of the 13 original stations became nationally and internationally famous. For example, the Sverdlov Square subway station featured porcelain bas-reliefs depicting the daily life of the Soviet peoples, and the bas-reliefs at the Dynamo Stadium sports complex glorified sports and physical prowess on the powerful new " Homo Sovieticus " Soviet man.

The Metro was iconic also because it showcased Socialist Realism in public art. Socialist Realism was in fact a method, not a style. Any plan which did not incorporate all three areas cohesively was rejected.

Without this cohesion, the Metro would not reflect Socialist Realism. If the Metro did not utilize Socialist Realism, it would fail to illustrate Stalinist values and transform Soviet citizens into socialists.

The proposal of reconstruction for existing Little Ring of the Moscow Railway into a metropolitan railway with frequent passenger service was unveiled in New tracks and stations were built in and the line was opened to passengers in September This line increases the overall strength of the metro network and relieves congestion on Koltsevaya Line.

Line 14 is operated by the Moscow Metro. Acting operation is performed by the Russian Railways that was chosen as subcontractor. Unlike direct transfer between conventional metro lines, all Line 14 transfer stations with other metro lines require passengers to exit the ticket gate and enter the opposite station, but transportation hubs were built on selected sites for more convenient out-of-station transfer.

Transferring between Line 14 and the rest of the metro lines is free if the journey before transfer is done within 90 minutes.

There is no accurate information about the author of the logo, so it is often attributed to the architects of the first stations — Samuil Kravets, Ivan Taranov and Nadezhda Bykova.

It is noteworthy, however, that even at the opening in , the M letter on the logo had no definite shape. Today, with at least ten different variations of the shape in use, Moscow Metro still does not have clear brand or logo guidelines.

An attempt was made in October to launch a nationwide brand image competition, only to be closed several hours after its announcement. A similar contest, held independently later that year by the design crowdsourcing company DesignContest , yielded better results, though none was officially accepted by the Metro officials.

The fare has been steadily rising since , hastened by inflation taking into account the revaluation of the ruble by a factor of 1, Effective February , one ride costs 55 rubles approx.

Discounts up to 33 percent are available when buying a multiple-trip ticket starting with twenty-trip cards , and children under age seven can travel free with their parents.

Tickets are available for a fixed number of trips, regardless of distance traveled or number of transfers. Monthly and yearly passes are also available.

Fare enforcement takes place at the points of entry. Once a passenger has entered the Metro system, there are no further ticket checks — one can ride to any number of stations and make transfers within the system freely.

Transfers to other public-transport systems such as bus, tram, trolleybus are not covered by the ticket.

Transfer to monorail is free within 90 minutes. Before , turnstiles accepted coins; however, with the start of hyperinflation plastic tokens of various design were used.

Disposable magnetic stripe cards were introduced in on a trial basis, and used as unlimited monthly tickets between and The sale of tokens ended on 1 January , and they stopped being accepted in February ; from that time, magnetic cards were used as tickets with a fixed number of trips.

On 1 September , the Moscow Metro became the first metro system in Europe to fully implement contactless smart cards , known as Transport Cards.

The card has an unlimited number of trips and may be programmed for 30, 90 or days. Transport Cards impose a delay for each consecutive use; i.

Ultralight tickets are available for a fixed number of trips in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and trip denominations valid for 5 or 90 days from the day of purchase and as a monthly ticket, only valid for a selected calendar month and limited to 70 trips.

Social Cards are free smart cards issued for the elderly and other groups of citizens officially registered as residents of Moscow or the Moscow region ; they offer discounts in shops and pharmacies, and double as credit cards issued by the Bank of Moscow.

Since , several banks have issued credit cards which double as Ultralight cards and are accepted at turnstiles. On 2 April Moscow Transport Department introduced a smart card based transport electronic wallet called Troika.

There are also three more smart cards has been launched - Ediniy card, a universal card for all city-owned public transport operated by Mosgortrans and Moscow Metro, 90 minutes card, an unlimited "minute" card and TAT card for surface public transport operated by Mosgortrans.

In , as a way to promote both the " Olympic Games in Sochi and active lifestyles , Moscow Metro installed a vending machine that gives commuters a free ticket in exchange for doing 30 squats.

From the first quarter of ticket windows at stations started to accept bank cards for fare payment. Passengers were also able to start using contactless payment systems, such as PayPass technology on MasterCard and Maestro Visa PayWave on Visa cards, at fare gates to enter the system.

Fare gates at stations started in September to accept payment using mobile ticketing , a system which the Metro calls Mobile Ticket Мобильный билет.

Customers wishing to use this method of payment must exchange their existing SIM card for one that supports Near Field Communication technology.

Applicable fares are the same as on the Troika card. The value is greater if you need more than two passes within each 90mins. The real discount is higher because validity period is doubled 90 days is enough to pass even twice only in the week days.

There is no difference between types of transport for fare collection, the difference apply for carrier.

NOT included routes 17 , greater than with exceptions , , , , , , , , , , and described below. On route number are valid fixed rate tickets only.

Mosgortrans buses , , , , , de facto are in the zone, routes outside the Moscow Ring Road other than it are not even they have the same route.

There is more than one route; ,,,,, etc. Since the turn of the 21st century several projects have been completed, and more are underway. Its continuation, an elevated Butovskaya Line , was inaugurated in Vorobyovy Gory station, which initially opened in and was forced to close in after the concrete used to build the bridge was found to be defective, was rebuilt and reopened after many years in Another recent project included building a branch off the Filyovskaya Line to the Moscow International Business Center.

This included Vystavochnaya opened in and Mezhdunarodnaya opened in The Strogino—Mitino extension began with Park Pobedy in Its first stations an expanded Kuntsevskaya and Strogino opened in January , and Slavyansky Bulvar followed in September.

Myakinino , Volokolamskaya and Mitino opened in December Myakinino station was built by a state-private financial partnership, unique in Moscow Metro history.

After many years of construction, the long-awaited Lyublinskaya Line extension was inaugurated with Trubnaya in August and Sretensky Bulvar in December of that year.

In June , it was extended northwards with the Dostoyevskaya and Maryina Roscha stations. In December , the Lyublinskaya Line was expanded southwards by three stations and connected to the Zamoskvoretskaya Line , with the Alma-Atinskaya station opening on the latter in December In works began on the Third Interchange Contour that is set to take the pressure off the Koltsevaya Line.

In the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line was extended after several delays to the south-eastern districts of Moscow outside the Ring Road with the opening of Zhulebino and Lermontovsky Prospekt stations.

Originally scheduled for , a new segment of the Kalininskaya Line between Park Pobedy and Delovoy Tsentr separate from the main part was opened in January , while the underground extension of Butovskaya Line northwards to offer a transfer to the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya Line was completed in February.

Spartak , a station on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya Line that remained unfinished for forty years, was finally opened in August The first stage of the southern extension of the Sokolnicheskaya Line , the Troparyovo station, opened in December There were 15 tunnel boring machines working in Moscow as of April with 24 planned by the end of In addition to major metro expansion the Moscow Government and Russian Railways plans to upgrade more commuter railways to a metro-style service, similar to the MCC.

New tracks and stations are planned to be built in order to achieve this. The Moscow Metro has a set of expansion plans which are due to be achieved by It has been alleged that a second and deeper metro system code-named "D-6", [48] designed for emergency evacuation of key city personnel in case of nuclear attack during the Cold War , exists under military jurisdiction.

It is speculated that these would allow for the evacuation of a small number of randomly chosen civilians, in addition to most of the elite military personnel.

A suspected junction between the secret system and the regular Metro is supposedly behind the Sportivnaya station on the Sokolnicheskaya Line.

The final section of this system was supposedly completed in On 8 January , a bomb was reported to have killed 7 and seriously injured It went off in a crowded train between Izmaylovskaya and Pervomayskaya stations.

In June , seven bodies were seen being removed from the Oktyabrskaya station during a fire there. A fire was also reported at Prospekt Mira station about that time.

A fatal accident occurred on 17 February due to an escalator collapse at the Aviamotornaya station on the Kalininskaya Line.

Eight people were killed and 30 injured due to a pileup caused by faulty emergency brakes. Bicycles except folding , and other vehicles, except for children and wheelchairs.

Animals and birds out of cages or special containers bags. In the metro area are prohibited: Drinking beer and beverages, manufactured on its basis, alcohol and alcohol-containing products consume narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances, to appear in a state of intoxication.

Create situations that prevent the movement of passenger traffic. Running on the escalator, to sit and put things on the stairs and escalator handrails.

Movement within the stations and underground passages podulichnym on motorcycles, bicycles, scooters, roller skates and other vehicles and sports vehicles, except wheelchairs.

Take place and be at the station without shoes. Going down the path of the train. We add in the way of foreign objects underground.

Open the doors of cars in motion and stops, as well as prevent them from opening and closing at bus stops. Pass the trains are not engaged in the carriage of passengers, or stopped.

Without the need to use the link "passenger - driver," coupled with situational metropolitan centers and the bodies of internal affairs on the subway columns emergency call , crane doors off the cars, the handle to stop the escalator.

Apply labels and stick, without the written permission of the subway ads, posters and other products of the information or advertising content.

To carry the film, video, without the written permission of the Metro. Use the metro area for doing business or other activity, without the written permission of the Metro, as well as trade with hands in unidentified locations.

Use the amplification except hearing aids and listen to audio or audio broadcast without headphones. Be in the dirty, smelly clothes, with their luggage, items, products including beverages and ice cream in an open container , which can stain the passenger cars, station buildings and equipment.

Pollute and contaminate buildings, the way the device, equipment, escalators, rolling stock and the metro area. Place the bags on the seats of cars and station benches.

Illegally enter the production facilities and fenced area underground. Breeding fires in less than 10 m behind the barrier and in the territories within its areas of land on the subway line, and less than 25 meters from the air stalls.

Connecting an electrical load to the network of underground without written permission of the Metro. Injure structures, devices, paths, equipment and rolling stock subway.

Implement transport cards and tickets for travel in the metro, as well as to provide passageways for them outside the subway station checkpoints by persons not authorized by the leadership of the underground.

Prevent the performance of official duties Metro staff, not to fulfill their legitimate demands. Stick to the citizens of the proposals of sale, exchange, and to fortune-telling, begging.

Do not perform the legitimate demands of the national combatants in the performance of duties for the protection of public order.

You can see information about safety in subway stations, as well as instructions on behavior in the event of an accident.

Do you pay attention to them? Also, every day is notified that the subway - the kind of public transport with increased risk. Many do not know what to do if I have an accident fall of man on the tracks, the behavior of the tunnel in the event of an accident , and do not know how the current supplied to the cars.

And from this knowledge affect their lives! If you leave the train stopped in the tunnel, you need only go to the right while moving toward the train, as on the left side of the contact rail passes.

Along the train through the tunnel to go to one person one after the other. Emergency Phones located on the opposite wall of the contact rail.

When boarding the train make its choice in favor of the central car because they suffer less in the case of an accident than the head and tail.

Also, do not attempt to get up on their own. Serve as a guide in black and white bar on the way. This action will give the engineer the opportunity to slow down in time.

Upon reaching a designated place to wait for subway worker who lead out of the tunnel. Most stations have at the end of the platform technology output, ladder, on which you can get yourself onto the platform.

In this case, the train passes over man does no harm. Being in this position should be as long as the driver or the electric station staff will not come help.

Belorusian direction Kursk direction Riga direction. Map of Moscow Contact Advert. Moscow Metro Scheme About Terms.

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Metro 24 prospekt Video Pedaltrain metro 24 revisited Deine E-Mail Adresse kann benutzt werden, um Dich über die neuesten Angebote und Prospekte durch Email und personalisierte Werbung in den sozialen Netzwerken oder anderen Webseiten zu informieren. See availability House rules FlatHome24 u metro na Komendanskiy prospekt takes special requests - add in the next step! Your thoughts help us figure out what kind of information we should be asking properties for. See availability Property surroundings — This neighbourhood is a great choice for travellers interested in parks, ambience and walking — Check location Great location - show map. After their trip, guests tell us about their stay. Your departure date is invalid. Du kannst leicht deine Daten in den Einstellungen Deines Profils ändern oder löschen. 4. bundesliga spieltag Русская служба in Russian. It went off in a crowded train between Izmaylovskaya and Pervomayskaya stations. Retrieved 18 March Its first stations an expanded Kuntsevskaya and Strogino opened in Januaryand Slavyansky Bulvar casino bremerhaven in casdep online casino review From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. There are a total of 76 sculptures in the station. Metro provides a safe and comfortable transportation of passengers of all categories, including meeting the requirements to ensure access for anstoß dortmund disabled and other low mobile citizens and passengers with prams to infrastructure subway stations, their constituent podulichnye transitions, train cars. The Moscow Metro has a set of expansion plans which are due to be achieved by The Second Plan focused on urbanization and the development of social services. Tickets are available for a fixed number of trips, regardless of distance traveled or number of transfers. Gp von deutschland Pobedi - Moskovskaya

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